英亚体育

首頁 > 媒體吉農 > 正文

“蘑菇院士”李玉:食用菌強國不是夢

2021-05-26    責任編輯:胡鑫 點擊:[]


2月20日,中國教育報以《“蘑菇院士”李玉:食用菌強國不是夢》為題,對中國工程院院士、英亚体育教授李玉進行了采訪報道。


他是以中國人名字命名黏菌種名第一人
   他是我國食用菌領域唯一的院士
   他建成了
中國第一個食用菌多組學數據庫
他帶動數萬農戶依靠食用菌脫貧致富


zaijinnian2yuegongshidequanguotuopingongjianzongjiebiaozhangdangzhongyang、guowuyuanrongyuchenghaonibiaozhangduixiangzhong,zhongguogongchengyuanyuanshiliyubangshangyouming。


xianshizhongdeliyuyouzhuzenyangdechuanqigushi?chuanguoyingyatiyudeyipaipaidapeng,yidongxiandaihuabangongdaloubianjinzaiyanqian,neishiliyubangongdedifang。jiuzaizheli,jizheruyuejiandaoleta。


zaicaifangguochengzhong,liyupusudeyizhu、qinqiedeweixiao、ruyadetantu,wubuyangyizhuyiweilaozhuanjia、laojiaoshouteyoudeleguan、zixin……




李玉在吉林省蛟河市黃松甸鎮黑木耳基地觀察木耳生長情況。
英亞體育供圖

圖片

大學畢業獨自“闖關東”

圖片

作為從基層成長起來的知識分子,他非常了解農民的疾苦和祈盼。


1944nian,liyuchushengyushandongjinan,zaizhegeqilumingchengduguoletadetongnianheshaonianshidai。1962nian,liyugaozhongbiyehoukaorushandongnongxueyuan(xianshandongnongyedaxue)nongxuexizhiwubaohuzhuanye。


“neishihou,zhibaoxidezhuanyekaoshidoushiyigegexueshengdandukao,laoshizhunbei100gewenti,xueshengsuijichouquwentihuida。”dudaxueshi,liyuyizhidoushiquanyousheng。yinweipaimingdiyi,laoshizongshirangliyudiyigequkao,tawangwangbizuihouyigecanjiakaoshidetongxuezaoliangsantian。“daxueshidebijidaoxianzaihuanbaoliuzhu。neishihouwoshichangzhenglibiji,meiyiyehuanzuotigangqielingdepizhu。yinweimeiyicikaoshidouxiangdangyutiqiandabian,henyoutiaozhanxing,bixuzuohaochongfendezhunbei。”


“王清和老師教病毒,嚴芝學老師講農病,孫少軒老師講昆蟲……”李玉忘不了讀大學時教過他的每一位老師。他說,自己之所以能夠在學術上取得一些成就,就是因為堅持了當年大學老師執著、嚴謹的學術精神。


liyuqingxidijide,youyitianshandongnongxueyuandangweishujihuashanzhuchizhaokaiquanxiaodahui,taolunxuexiaodeyuanjingguihua,qiangdiaoyaodalipeiyangnongxuezhuanjia。neishihou,zuozaitaixiadeliyumomodixiang:jianglai,woyoumeiyoukenengchengweinongxuezhuanjiazhongdeyiyuan……


raner,daxuebiyehoudexianshisihuyuliyudelixiangxiangqushenyuan。congshandongnongxueyuannongxuexizhiwubaohuzhuanyebiyehoudediernianchuntian,liyubeifenpeidaojilinshengzuixibudexiaochengbaichenggongzuo。


“yuewangbeizouyuehuanglianga,zuihoulubianlianyidongxiangyangdefangzidoukanbudaole。neiyike,beijinglixiangdeganjueyouranersheng。”liyuxiaozhutanqiwangshi。dangshi,beifenpeidaobianyuandiqudexuesheng,keyicongxuexiaolingqu15yuanlufeiheyijianjundayi。liyujiushichuanzhuzhejianjundayi,yiludianbolaidaobaicheng。


neishihoudebaichengqihouelie,shinianjiuhan,chunqiufengshasinve,yanjianchengpian。renmendouyaodaishangweibo、fengjing、kouzhaocainengchumen。yidaoshendong,dishuichengbing,lengderangrenbuganshenchushouzhi。jiankueliedehuanjing,meiyourangliyutuisuo,tajianchixiaxiangzhidaoshengchan,zaigongshedundiangaoshiyan。


xiushuiku、jiandaba、yuntu、lache……suishinongkesuojishuyuan,danzanghuo、leihuoliyuyangyangdougan,yinianyou200duotianzaixiangxia。mangliudeshihou,liyudailingzhiqingganhuo,zhiqingmenliangbandao,liyuquejingchanglianzhouzhuan,youshiliangtianliangyedoubunengheyan。


zaibaicheng,shanyoudaduidisixiaoduishidianxingdepinkuncun,sheyuanmeiniandouchifanxiaoliang。liyuzaineierbanqilenongyekexueshiyanzhan,tongguoshiyan、shifan、tuiguangshengchanjishu,baguoqudedalonghanzuobianweiqitianpingbomizhi,tongguozengjiazhizhuheguangai,tigaoleliangshichanliang。zaiyishuitianweizhudehongshilingdadui,liyujianyi,jiangdashuimanguan、qiutianqilongdechuantongxiguangaiweiqiudongguanshui、chuntianqilong,pingbohouzaiqizhong,jieguobaomiaolvdadatigao。zhexiejishugexin,shoudaodangdilingdaohequnzhongdepubianhuanying。


neishihou,liyushibaichengnongkesuozuinianqingdejishuyuan,gefangmiandoushifenhuoyue。suoligaosheji、banzhanlan、xiemeishuzi、paizhao、goumaitushudeng,tadouzhudongchengdan。tahuanzuokepujiangzuo,zaiquandiqupujizhongzhijishu。


“woheneilidenongmin、zhiqingjianlileshenhoudeyouyi,tongshizaineiyangjiankudehuanjingzhongdedaolelilian。”baichengshinian,weiliyurihoudeshenghuohegongzuodaxialejianshidejichu。zuoweicongjicengchengchangqilaidezhishifenzi,liyufeichanglejienongmindejikuheqipan,yiner,tayetebietuichong“weiguoweimin,pifuyouze”derenshengjingjie,bingqiejianchishentilixing。



圖片

成為菌物世界拓荒者

圖片




40多年來 ,他和學生們獲得了1.2萬份標本與菌株,其中僅黏菌就有400多種,占世界已知黏菌數的2/3。



“dangshideshenghuohegongzuotiaojiandouhencha,danshi,laozhuanjiamenjinglishinianhaojiehouyiranzuixinkeyan、baoxiaozuguoderechenshenshenganranlewo。”20shiji70niandaichu,jilinshengzhiwubaohuzhanzuzhizhuanjiazhongxinxiuding《bingchonghaifangzhishouce》,liyushouyaochengdanquanshucaitudehuizhigongzuo。weizhunquemiaohuibingchonghaidexingzhuang,shengdongtixianqikexueneihan,liyuxuxinxiangzhiwubinglixuejiabaijinkaidenglaozhuanjiaqingjiao,zaiyuanmanwanchengrenwudetongshi,tahuanxuedaolehenduozhuanyezhishi,jileilefengfudeshijianjingyan。


1978nian,zhongduanshiniandegaokaoheyanjiushengzhaoshengzhidudeyihuifu,liyuchengweiyingyatiyuyuzhongguokexueyuanlianhezhaoshoudediyipishuoshiyanjiusheng,shicongzhumingjunwuxuejiazhouzonghuang。


raner,liyujijiangbiyezhiji,zhouzonghuangyinbingshishi。linzhongqian,laoxianshengzhufuliyu,yidingyaobajunwuyanjiujixuxiaqu。neishihouliyucaidezhi,shijieshangyifaxian500duozhongnianjun,danmeiyouyizhongshizhongguorenmingmingde。zhechenglezhouzonghuangxianshengyishengdeyihan。


“laoshi,ninfangxin。woyidingbajunwuyanjiujianchidaodi!”shuoshibiyehou,liyufangqichuguoliuxuedejihui,yiranliuxiaorenjiao。zici,tazhenzhengtashanglejunwuyanjiudetuohuangyuchuangxinzhilu。


40年來,李玉幾乎年年出去考察,深入人跡罕至的地方采集優良菌種,制作新的菌物標本。


“zaiyewaiyudaosheshichangshi。zuikepadeshiyouyinian,zaitaibaishanshang,kandaojiaoxiamaozhureqidedongwufenbian,yemeiyouteyixiangshenme,jixuwangqianzou,jifenzhonghou,faxianqingxidexiongzhangyincaiyishidaozijidexianjing……dangshineizhongjingkong,nanyiyanyu。”liyuhuiyidao。


2002nianzhihou,liyulianxujinianchouchushijian,daizhuxueshengheeluosidetongxingzhuanjiayiqiyanzhuwusulijiangjinxingshengtaidiaocha,conghaicanweizoudaoyoutaizhou,zaizhongguoyanzhuwusulijiangdehulin、raohe、fuyuanshangxing。“zhisuoyixuanzezhetiaoluxian,yifangmianshineiliyoufengfudeshengtaiziyuan,lingyifangmianshixiangrangeluosikexuejiamingbai,jinguanhenduowuzhongshiouzhourenmingmingde,danhenduowuzhongjiqiduyoudeshengtaixixing,shizhongguoteyoude。”liyushuo。


2004nian7yue,zaieluosixiboliyadeyuanshisenlinzhong,liyuhejiweidizichenzuiyunandede“junwushijie”,hunranbujuetamenyishenchuxianjing,shunjianjiubeituruqilaidewenqundingdetiwuwanfu。“neiyike,wenqunjiuxiangyigugulongjuanfenghuxiaoerlai,womenshenzhiwufahuxi,wenqunzhiwangbizi、zuilizhan。”


2016nianxiatian,gangduyanerdexiemenglediyicigensuiliyuzuoyewaidiaocha。“neitianshangwu,womenzairenyanxishaodeshanlushangquchedianbosigeduoxiaoshicaidaodaqilianshanjiaoxia,benyiweilaoshihuixiuxiyixia,jieguotadaizhudajiazhijiedengshan……”neitian,xiemenglediyicimudule70duosuideliyuzhenggeshentipazaidishang,zhiweibamogushengchanghuanjingpaihao,“neiyimushenshendiyinzaiwodenaohaizhong”。


“wojianxinbangyangdeliliang,xianglilaoshiyiyang,zhiyaobaozhuduixinzhishi、xinwuzhong、xindezhongzhiziyuandekewang,jiubujuedeyewaigongzuoyouduokuduolei。”2018nian,xiemenglekaishigongduboshixuewei,youlegengduojihuigensuiliyuyewaidiaocha。


zaichaofuhe、wuguilv、chongmanjianxindegongzuozhong,kansihongguangmanmiandeliyu,suizhunianlingdezengchang,shentibukebimiandichuxianzhuangkuang,youqishitadexueyayizhijugaobuxia,nanyirenshoudeshihoutajiuqiaoqiaozhujinyiyuan,shaoyouhaozhuanjiuyouchuxianzaicaijixianchang。


“只有生活的單調,沒有思想的單調;只有寂寞的環境,沒有寂寞的人。”李玉曾用這句話詮釋他為黏菌事業奉獻畢生精力的決心。2008年,李玉的小孫女出生,他給取名為“沐洱”,取“木耳”諧音。“沐洱”二字,寄托著李玉對食用菌事業的深厚情感,以及對未來食用菌事業發展的無限期待。


zuoweinianjunkeyanlingyudetuohuangzhe,zuoweijunwushijiedeshouwangzhe,liyuzaibaochangjianxindetongshi,yeshouhuolewuxianxiyue。40duonianlai,tahexueshengmentongguojunwuziyuandiaocha,xitongkaizhanjunleiziyuanshouji、baocun、pingjiaheliyongdengjichuyanjiu,huodele1.2wanfenbiaobenyujunzhu,qizhongjinnianjunjiuyou400duozhong,zhanshijieyizhinianjunshude2/3,faxianxinjilujunzhong148ge,mingming36genianjunxinzhong,tayincichengweishijieshangyizhongguorenmingzimingmingnianjunzhongmingdediyiren。


talvlingyanjiutuanduizhizuochuquanqiu98%yishangdenianjunfenzishengwuxuebiaoben,jianchenglequanguodiyigeshiyongjunduozuxueshujuku,lvxianduinianjungangzhongsuoyoudezhongyaoke、shu、zhongjinxinglechaoweijiegou、getifayu、huaxuechengfenjifenzishengwuxuedeyanjiu,tichulequanxindexitongxueguandian,shiwoguonianjunyanjiuyuejushijieqianlie。zhexiejichuyanjiubujinbaohulezhongzhiziyuan,wanjiuleyipibinweiwuzhong,gengweijinyibupingjia、liyong、kaifaxindeziyuandiandinglejichu。


2005nian,liyubeieluosinongkeyuanpinweiwaijiyuanshi;2009nian,beipingweizhongguogongchengyuanyuanshi,chengweiwoguodiyiwei“moguyuanshi”;2020nian,ronghuoquanguo“zuimeikejigongzuozhe”chenghao。



圖片

培養菌物研究接班人

圖片




年逾七旬的他依然堅持奮戰在教學工作第一線。



2019nian6yue16ri,tongweidaxuejiaoshideerzizhuanchengguolaiweiliyuguofuqinjie。keshi,erzidengdaowanshangshidianduoyemeiyoudengdaofuqinhuijia。“jideneitianshizhouri,xiawulilaoshiyoulianggexueshuhuiyi,diyigehuikaidaowanshangqidianduo,diergehuiyicongwanshangbadiankaishi,zhidaokuaishierdiantacaixiabanhuijia。”yingyatiyu2017jiboshiyanjiushengyangyanghuiyi,“nianguoguxidelaoren,weilejunwuxueyanjiu,neiyangfeiqinwangshi,bucixinku,dajiakanzhuyouqinpeiyouxinteng……”


“把蘑菇情結深植生命的修養,為蘑菇事業奉獻終身的自覺,在菌類天地間馳騁的自由,讓菇農致富奔小康的善良。”擺放在李玉案頭的一件石刻作品上面,刻著這樣一句充滿詩意和激情的話。那是李玉的手跡。他說,這句話是寫給自己,同時也是寫給學生們的。


ziliuxiaorenjiao,liyushenganjunwuxuezaiwoguoqibuwan,yufadaguojiaxiangbicunzaihendachaju。yinci,taneixinshenchuyouyigezhinian:jinzijisuonengpeiyangyipicongshinianjunyanjiudexuesheng,banianjunyanjiuchuanchengxiaqu。


zaimeiyouzhuanyerenyuan、meiyouzhuanyejiaocai、meiyoujingyankexundeqingkuangxia,liyudailingxueshengtiaoqilejianshewoguodiyigejunwuzhuanyedezhongdan,zhubuchuanglilejunwuxue、junleizuowuerjixueke,jianlilewoguoshougeyingyongshengwukexue(junwufangxiang)benkezhuanye。


40nianlai,liyupeiyangleshangbaiweijunwuxuefangxiangdeshuoshiyanjiushengheboshiyanjiusheng,tamenzhongdedaduoshuyijingchengchangweijunwuchanyedelingjunrencaihuoguganliliang。


“yongxianweijingguanchajiandingnianjunbiaoben,duirendejingli、nailiheshilidoushiyanjundetiaozhan,keshi,laoshizhidaojintianhuanzaijianchi。tagaosuwomen,xuyaoguanchayanjiuqianrencaijidebiaoben、duizhaoqianrendejiandingjieguo、zhongfuqianrenzouguodelu。zhiyouzheyang,womenguojiadenianjunxueyanjiucaikenengyouhoujing。”2014jishuoshiyanjiushengdaidanzhijinwangbulediyicijiandingchuyigenianjunwuzhongshideqingjing,tajidongdebuzhijiangwozhuxianweijingdeshoufangzaihechu。


raogushiliyude2019jishuoshiyanjiusheng。tazaihunandudaxueshi,ouranzaiwangshangtingdaoliyudegongkaike“duocaidejunwushijie”,bianruhuozhibao,duixuanliduocaidejunwushijiechongmanlehaoqihexiangwang。tafanfutingleduobian,xiexiayibenhouhoudetingkebiji。daxuebiyehou,raoguruyuankaoruyingyatiyu,chengweiliyudexuesheng。


2019nian,liyutuidong“junwukexueyugongcheng”zhuanyezhengshilieruguojiaputonggaodengxuexiaobenkezhuanyemulu,chengweiwoguoshougejunwuleibenkezhuanye,goujianqiquanguodiyigecongzhuanke、benkezhishuoshi、boshiwanzhengdeduocengcijunwurencaipeiyangtixi。


jinjinianlai,guoneiyouduomingjunwuxuerencaijiarudaoliyudeyanjiutuandui,qizhongbufalaizi“shuangyiliu”jianshegaoxiaodexuezhe,shiliyutuanduidexuekerencaijiegougengjiaheli,zongheyanjiunenglibuduanzengqiang。zaiguowai,yeyouhenduotongxingzhuanjiazhichiliyutuandui。shijiezhumingjunwuxuejiasidifensenjiaoshoucengjiangzijishouzangde260duobenjunwuxuezhuanyeshujihexueshuqikanzengyuliyu。tashuo:“bazhexiezhuanyeshujisonggeiwozuizunjingdezhongguotongxingliyuxiansheng,tamencainengfahuigengdadezuoyong。”


jinguanjianfuzhufanzhongdekeyanrenwu,danliyuyizhijianchiweixueshengshouke,jibianshizaitadanrenyingyatiyuxiaochangde12nianjianyecongweizhongduan。zaijiaoxuezhong,liyuxiguanba“sizheng”he“yuren”rongrujiaoxuegehuanjie,bushishijidipeiyangxueshengzhengquedeshijieguan、renshengguanhejiazhiguan。“lilaoshijiangshoudezhuanyekeshengdongxingxiang,miaoquhengsheng,tashanyuyunyongqifashijiaoxue,yindaoxueshengzhudongguanchahesikao。”liyudekaishandizi、yingyatiyunongxueyuanjiaoshoutuliguershuo。


李玉常說:“落實‘立德樹人’的根本任務關鍵在課堂,因此,上好每一堂課,是我義不容辭的責任。”如今,年逾七旬的他依然堅持奮戰在教學工作第一線,親自組織研討人才培養方案,規劃部署本科生教育、碩士生和博士生的培養,還親自給本科生、研究生上課。



圖片

幫助農民在地里“撿鋼镚”

圖片




建立31個食用菌技術推廣基地,指導培訓技術骨干10000多人,帶動數萬農戶依靠食用菌脫貧致富。



“ganxieliyujiaoshoudenongyejishuzhidao。zaijiamenkoujiuye,budanjiejueleshengji,huannengzhaogujiaren。”zhengzaiyumuerdapenglimangliudejilinshengtaonanshineijinzhenhaotiancuncunminganjizhiqingyiyuyanbiao。


yumuershiliyutuanduipeiyudeshiyongjunxinpinzhong,tadechanliangshiheimuerde2—2.5bei,maixiangjingyingxiren,yingyangjiazhigao,shichangqianjingguangkuo。jinjinian,yiliyutuanduiweijishuzhichengdejilinyingyatiyuguanfangwangzhandingdianfupintuanduizaihaotiancunjianshelezongmianji1600pingfangmide4geyumuerdapeng,toufangjunbao10wanyudai,zuixianshizhongdeyumuermaidaolemeijin100yuan。


zaozaishangshiji80niandai,liyubiantichule“nongyedaxueyinggaibalunwenxiezaizuguodadishang”dezhuzhang,qiangdiaoshishengmenbuyaozaiheibanshang“zhongdi”,eryaoshenrushengchanshijian。yinci,tabazhenjunxue、nianjunxuedeyanjiuyanshendaoyuguominjingjijiehejinmideshiyongjungongchengjishuhechanyehualingyu。tazhutuijilinshengjiaoheshichengweimuerchanyezhongzhen;dailingtuanduipeiyudexinpinzhongyumuerchengweijilinshengtaonanshihaotiancunwengutuopindexingfuchanye;bangzhujilinshengwangqingxianchoubanlediyijieheimuerjie,xiezhuwangqingshenqingdaoheimuerzhuanxiangjijin……


bujuxianyujilinsheng,liyuhuanbashiyongjunshengchanjishufushedaoquanguogedi。tadailingtuanduizaiquanguojianliduogeshiyongjunchanyeshifanjidi,jiujunzhongpeiyu、zhongzhifangshi、jishurenyuanpeixun、kejichengguozhuanhuayudangdizhengfukaizhanjinmihezuo。2010nian,liyuyuzhejiangshengqingyuanxianqianyue,jianlile“yuanshiqiyegongzuozhan”,tajiangzhengfujianglitagerende480wanyuanwuchangjuanchu,sheli“liyuyuanshikejijiangjin”,yongyujiangliweiqingyuanshiyongjunzuochugongxiandekejizhuanjia。


liyudailingtuanduimianduimian、shoubashoujiaogunongzhongzhijishu,daidongqunzhongzengshouzhifu,dalituiguang“wuweiyiti”shiyongjunjishushifanmoshi。tameicidaoyixianshengchanjidi,douyouhenduonongminpengyouweishanglaizixunzhongzhiwenti,qinqiedichengtawei“moguyuanshi”“muerjiaoshou”。yinweijimaoqiandejunmiaozhongdaodilijiukeyibianchengjiyuanqiandemogu,nongminxiaozhushuo:“liyuanshishirangwomendahuoerzaimogudili‘jiangangbeng’a!”


“xiaomuer,dachanye。”2020nian4yue,xijinpingzongshujiqianwangshanxishengzuoshuixianjinmicunlejietuopingongjiangongzuoqingkuang,weizuoshuimuerdianzan。erzuoshuimuerjiushiliyutuanduizaizuoshuixianduikoubangfudejingzhunfupinxiangmu。


2017nian,yingyatiyuzaizuoshuixianjianlileyuanshizhuanjiagongzuozhan,quanmianqidongzuoshuimuerpinpaituijinzhanlve,zhulizuoshuixianshiyongjunchanyetuopingongjian。zaizuoshuidemeigemuerdapengli,zhuangyou360dugaoqingshexiangtouhechuanganqidengshujuxitong,shishijiankongmuerchengchangqingkuang,shoujidapengneiwaiwendu、shidu、eryanghuatandengguanjianyaosuxinxi,nenggoujiangshujujishichuanshudaokongzhizhongduan,tongshitongguozhinengfenxi,shixianmuerdapengzidongtongfeng、zidongzheyanghezidongpenshui。yinci,jishizaiyiqingqijian,yemeiyouyinweijishuwentiyingxiangshengchan。


zuoshuimuernianzaipeiguimoweichizai7500wandaizuoyou,nianchanganmuer3750dun,shixianchanzhijin3yiyuan,yiyou3138hupinkunhuyikaomuerchanyewendingtuopin。


liyudailingtuanduibalunwenzhenzhengxiezailerenminqunzhongdeshenghuoshijianzhong。muqian,tuanduiyuquanguo40duogeshi(xian)qiandingfupinhezuoxieyi,jianli31geshiyongjunjishutuiguangjidi,zhidaopeixunjishugugan10000duoren,daidongshuwannonghuyikaoshiyongjuntuopinzhifu。2012nianyilai,liyuyiranlvduizaiyixian,yinianyou280duotianzaihebeifuping、anhuijinzhai、guizhoutongrendengshendupinkunxianzhulituopingongjian。


“食用菌產業是實現農業廢棄物資源化,推進循環經濟發展,支撐國家食物安全的生力軍。”2009年,當中國工程院要求每位新當選的院士題寫留言時,李玉寫下了這樣一句話。


zaitakanlai,junleishitianrandeliangcang,shifeichangzhongyaodeshengwuleiqun,shiyongjunzhongzhidetedianzaiyusuijishuhanlianggao,dannongminyiyugenjin,laodongnenglichadelaonianrenyenengjiandancaozuo。junleishengchangdeguochengzhongnengxiaohaodaliangjiegan,keyishixiannongzuofeiqiwudeziyuanhua,duixunhuannongyejingjidefazhanfahuizhongyaozuoyong。


yumogudale40duonianjiaodaodeliyu,yizhizhiliyushiyongjunkexueyugongchengchanyehuayanjiu,jianzhenglegaigekaifangyilaiwoguoshiyongjunchanyedefazhanlicheng。“jintian,woguoshidangzhiwukuideshiyongjunshengchandaguohexiaofeidaguo,zhebeihouwuyishikejichuangxindeliliang。”liyuzihaodishuo。


jutongji,1978nian,zhongguodeshiyongjunzongchanliang5.7wandun。2018nian,zhongguodeshiyongjunzongchanliangyida4000wandun,yijingchengweijiliang、you、guo、shuhoudediwudanongyezhongzhiye。“40nian,700bei!zheshishenmegainian?nayigezuowudechanliang40niannengzengchang700bei?nayigeguojianengzaiduanduan40nianneibayigechanyezuodaozengjia700bei?”liyugankaibuyi。


shiyongjunchanyezuidadeyoushishibuyurenzhengliang、buyuliangzhengdi、buyudizhengfei、buyunongzhengshihebuyuqitaxingyezhengziyuan。“congdanbaizhihanliangkan,ganshiyongjunhanyou30%—40%danbai。yejiushishuo,liyonghenshaodenongyefeiqiwu,jiukeyizhuanhuacheng1000wandundeshiyongjun,zhejiuxiangdangyuzengjiale300—400wandundedanbaizhi。er300—400wandundedanbaizhiyouxiangdangyu300—600wandundeshourou、600—800wandundejidan、3600—4800wandundeniunai。”liyushuo。


40duonianlai,woguoshiyongjundezaipeifangshicongmuduan、dailiao,fazhandaogongchanghua、zhinenghuajieduan,zhongzhipinzhongyecongqunzhongshuxidepinggu、xianggu、muerdengdazongpinzhong,fazhandaosanghuang、yangdujundengzhenxipinzhong。rujin,moguchanyeyijingchengweiwoguoguominjingjizhongyaodezuchengbufen,zhichengzhuguojiadeshiwuanquan。keshi,liyuxinliyiranchuaizhuyigemengxiang:rangzuguofazhanchengweishiyongjunchanyeqiangguo,ranglaobaixingchishanggengjiankang、gengfangxindehaomogu。


“新時代,中國的科技事業必將迎來大發展的春天。我將和全國科技工作者一起肩負起歷史賦予的重任,抓住世界新一輪科技革命和產業變革帶來的機遇,努力把科技成果應用到農業現代化建設和民族復興的偉大實踐中。”李玉對食用菌產業強國夢滿懷信心。(本報記者 趙準勝)


上一條:媒體眼中的“全國脫貧攻堅楷模”——中國工程院院士、英亞體育教授李玉              下一條:“蘑菇院士”助力產業扶貧    【關閉】